Lyme Disease is caused by the bacteria called Borrelia Burgdoferi that is present in an infected tick that may bite you or a pet in a high-risk area. The regions where Lyme Disease is high are woods, gardens and an unkempt yard that is filled with dead leaves, bushes that lie unattended and piles of wood. It is crucial for you to stay protected and ensure that you wear the proper clothing and use insect repellant when you are in these high- risk zones.
Symptoms of Lyme Disease
The early symptoms of Lyme Disease are very mild. Some people might not have significant symptoms however they may experience having the flu that is one of the first signs of Lyme Disease. Once the early stage of the disease is over, other symptoms gradually appear the infection however tends to affect part systems even years later after infection.
Understanding the bulls-eye’s rash
Most people may develop a sign that is called the bull’s eye rash. The area of the skin becomes red and is gradual spreads to become bigger. The skin rash loses its color gradually in the center, and it looks like a bull’s eye. The rash is seen in the region where the tick has bitten you, but it may appear in other parts of the body as well. The area will not have an itch or is painful however when you touch it the skin will feel warm.
Testing for Lyme’s Disease
The Elisa Test will help you detect the presence of Lyme Disease in the body. This test is a form of blood screening that doctors resort to recognize the signs of the bacteria. Based on the Elisa test results, your treatment will start.
Dissemination of Lyme Disease- the next stage of symptoms
With the passage of time, this Disease will spread and you will experience one or most of the following symptoms-
- Swelling of spinal cord and brain
- Chills and fever.’
- Facial palsy’
- Pain in muscles, tendons, joints, and ligaments
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in nerves
- Lymph nodes swell up
- Irregular heart beat
- More rashes
The above symptoms might disappear in some weeks after infection however the complications of Lyme Disease will persist. They are serious like vision or sleep issues, memory loss, paralysis, pain in the joints and muscles, an irregular heartbeat and problems concentrating.
When it comes to the treatment of Lyme’s Disease, doctors administer antibiotic medications. This leads to fast recovery. In the event of delays in treatment, doctors recommend intravenous antibiotics or injections. Even after they are treated further tests may be conducted by the physician, and they might be tested positive for the presence of the bacteria however the serious complications of Lyme’s Disease will not persist in their bodies.
Therefore, it is important for you to be aware and spread education about Lyme Disease if you live near high-risk areas. Ensure you get animals and pets tested as they are vulnerable to Lyme’s Disease as well.