Facts about LDL Cholesterol


Cholesterol is a fat-like insoluble waxy substance which is found in all the cells of our body and is circulated through the blood cells with the help of Lipoproteins. Cholesterol plays an important role in creating cells, hormones, in the production Vitamin D and bile during the Human digestive system.

There are two main types of cholesterol and are carried by different types of lipoproteins.

  • Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are also called as bad cholesterol.
  • High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are also called as good cholesterol.

LDL (Low – Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol is considered the bad cholesterol, as it is related to an increased risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. Too much of LDL cholesterol circulating the blood can slowly form plaque, which blocks the blood flow and forms a clot. The formation of a clot in the blood vessels near to the heart can cause a heart attack. The average level of LDL cholesterol should range from 0-130 mg/DL.

Here are some interesting facts about low-density lipoproteins or LDL cholesterol.

Fact – 1

Liver and intestines play a major role in controlling the LDL levels in our blood cells.

Fact – 2

For optimum health, the level of LDL cholesterol should be closer to 80 mg/dL and between 50 to 60 mg/dL for those patients suffering from heart disease.

Fact – 3

Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) are called as a bad cholesterol as they are the main causes of increased risk of heart disease.

Fact – 4

Genetic factors are the most common cause of high levels of LDL. Around 70 to 80 percent of the cholesterol in our body cells are due to the genes, and the rest is due to our diet.

Fact – 5

High blood cholesterol is a serious condition that can increase the risk of coronary heart disease and it is mainly caused by the increased blood cholesterol levels, particularly the LDL (Low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol.

Fact – 6

LDL cholesterol combines with the white blood cells (WBC’s) forming artery-narrowing plaque and restricting the blood flow to the Respiratory system to the other parts of the body resulting in a stroke.

Fact – 7

The best ways to reduce the LDL cholesterol levels is by having a balanced diet, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy BMI and avoiding the use of tobacco and alcohol.

Fact – 8

One of the best ways to lower the LDL cholesterol is by including fiber-rich food products including avocados, eggplant, green tea, apples, beans, oats, olive oil, garlic and lot more.

These were some interesting facts about low-density lipoproteins or LDL cholesterol. It is always advised by dieticians and nutritionist to maintain the optimal level of LDL cholesterol to have a proper blood flow and prevent other risk factors related to the heart and to other organs of our body.

For more information, students can subscribe to BYJU’S YouTube channel and check the YouTube videos to understand more about the cholesterol and also learn about science-related topics from various engaging video lessons provided in the channel.



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